Articles

Cats + Medical Conditions

  • The retina is a light sensitive layer of cells at the back of the eye that contains cells called photoreceptors. Progressive retinal atrophy (PRA) is a group of degenerative diseases that affect these photoreceptor cells. As PRA progresses, your cat's vision gradually worsens until she becomes completely blind. There is currently no effective treatment available for PRA.

  • The word enteropathy means any disease of the intestinal system. Protein-losing enteropathy (PLE) is not a specific disease, but rather describes a group of diseases that cause the loss of proteins from the bloodstream into the gastrointestinal (GI) tract.

  • Pulmonary hypertension means that the peak blood pressure in the arteries of the lungs is much higher than normal.

  • Pulmonary means lung, and the word thromboembolism describes a blood clot that has moved through the blood vessels, lodged in one of the pulmonary arteries, and blocked blood flow into the portion of the lung served by that artery. This seems to be more common in medium to large-breed cats, and generally in middle-aged to older cats.

  • Urinary tract infections are fairly uncommon in cats, although they generally involve the bladder and urethra and are described as lower urinary tract infections. Pyelonephritis is more accurately described as an upper urinary tract infection. The upper urinary tract consists of the kidneys and the ureters.

  • Pyometra is defined as an infection in the uterus. Pyometra is considered a serious and life threatening condition that must be treated quickly and aggressively. Pyometra may occur in any sexually intact young to middle-aged cat; however, it is most common in older cats. Typically, the cat has been in heat within the previous 4 weeks.

  • Pyothorax refers to the presence of inflammatory fluid or "pus" within the chest cavity, which is the area between the lungs and the inner walls of the ribs.

  • Cryptorchidism refers to the failure of one or both testes (testicles) to descend into the scrotum. Cryptorchidism is much less common in cats than in dogs.

  • Ringworm is the common name given to a fungal infection of the superficial layers of the skin, hair, and nails. The common name of ringworm is somewhat misleading, in that it is not an infection caused by a worm, and the infected areas are not always ring-shaped. Ringworm can be challenging to detect in cats, since the lesions of ringworm may be very mild or even undetectable.

  • Warfarin rodenticide is an over-the-counter anticoagulant rodenticide used to kill mice, rats, and other pests. Warfarin rodenticide poisoning occurs when a cat ingests the rodenticide accidentally. Clinical signs of poisoning are hemorrhage (bleeding) which usually occurs about 2-3 days after consumption.